What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)?
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a problem in which a woman has an imbalance of female sex hormones. It can cause irregular or delayed periods and make it difficult to get pregnant. PCOS may also cause unwanted changes in the way you look. If it is not treated, it can lead to serious health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease over time.
PCOS is common, affecting as many as 1 out of 15 women. Often the symptoms begin in the teen years. Treatment can help control the symptoms and prevent long-term problems. The incidence of PCOS appears to be rising or perhaps it is now being diagnosed more often. It is seen in as many as 25–30% of young women. In young girls, the symptoms are mainly cosmetic as they get disturbed by the acne, weight gain, and facial hair. In married women, PCOS often manifests as the inability to conceive. In this condition, the ovulation may not occur regularly, and as the egg does not come out each month, the chance of pregnancy are also low. It can be treated by medicines that cause the patient to ovulate and she may become pregnant. The doctor may often prescribe drugs that are used in diabetic patients, as these drugs are insulin sensitizers and improve insulin insensitivity which is the main cause behind PCOS. So a malfunction of the body’s blood sugar control system (insulin system) is frequent in women with PCOS who often have insulin resistance and elevated blood insulin levels (Hyperinsulinemia). The root cause of PCOS is insulin resistance.