The terms Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) are commonly used interchangeably. We prefer to use the term Polycystic Ovary Syndrome because it more accurately reflects the complex signs, symptoms, and nature of this condition, namely that of a “syndrome”. Syndrome is the favored term because it alludes to the varied signs and symptoms but does not imply a precise cause of the condition, as for PCOS the exact cause has yet to be determined. This definition is in contrast to that of a “disease”, which commonly implies a specific cause for the condition. An old term for PCOS that is not used currently is the Stein-Leventhal Syndrome.
The symptoms of PCOS can vary from woman to woman and can include excessive weight gain, irregular or completely absent periods, ovarian cysts, excessive facial or body hair known as hirsutism, male pattern hair loss (alopecia) obesity, acne, skin tags (growth on the skin that can be as big as raisins), high cholesterol levels, exhaustion or lack of mental alertness, depression, anxiety, decreased sex drive, excess male hormones, and infertility. PCOS is primarily caused by excess weight gain and obesity brought on by Insulin Resistance.
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Polycystic ovary syndrome is a problem in which a woman has female sex hormones imbalance. It can cause irregular or delayed periods and make it difficult to get pregnant. PCOS may also cause unwanted changes in the way you look. If it is not treated, over time it can lead to serious health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease.
Polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS is common, affecting as many as 1 out of 15 women. Often the symptoms begin in the teen years. Treatment can help control the symptoms and prevent long-term problems. The incidence of PCOS appears to be rising or perhaps it is now being diagnosed more often. It is seen in as many as 25 – 30% of young women. In young girls, the symptoms are mainly cosmetic as they get disturbed by the acne, weight gain and facial hair. In married women, the PCOS often manifests as inability to conceive. In this condition, the ovulation may not occur regularly, and as the egg does not come out each month, the chance of pregnancy is also low. It can be treated by medicines which cause the patient to ovulate and she may become pregnant. The doctor may often prescribe drugs which are used in diabetic patients, as these drugs are insulin sensitizers and improve the insulin insensitivity, which is the main problem behind PCOS. So a malfunction of the body’s blood sugar control system (insulin system) is frequent in women with PCOS, who often have insulin resistance and elevated blood insulin levels (Hyperinsulinemia). The root cause of PCOS is insulin resistance.
Hormones are chemical messengers that trigger many different processes, including growth and energy production. Often, the job of one hormone is to signal the release of another hormone.
For reasons that are not well understood, in PCOS the hormones get out of balance. One hormone change triggers another, which changes another. For example: The sex hormones get out of balance. Normally, the ovaries make a tiny amount of male sex hormones (androgens). In PCOS, they start making slightly more androgens. This may cause to stop ovulating, get acne, and grow extra facial and body hair.
The body may have a problem using insulin, called insulin resistance. When the body doesn’t use insulin well, blood sugar levels go up. Over time, this increases your chance of getting diabetes.
The symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) usually become apparent in your teens or early twenties. Not all women with PCOS have all of the symptoms. Each symptom can vary from mild to severe. In many women, the only symptoms are menstrual problems or a failure to conceive.
Common symptoms of PCOS include:
- Irregular periods or complete lack of periods
- Difficulty getting pregnant (because of irregular ovulation or failure to ovulate), recurrent miscarriage
- Excessive hair growth (hirsutism) – usually on the face, chest, back or buttocks
- Weight problems – being overweight, rapid weight gain, difficulty losing weight
- Thinning hair and hair loss from the head
- Oily skin or acne
- Depression and mood changes
- Multiple, small cysts in the ovaries
Most women with PCOS grow many small cysts in their ovaries. That is why it is called polycystic ovary syndrome. The cysts are not harmful but lead to hormonal imbalances
The exact cause of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is unknown, but it’s thought to be related to abnormal hormone levels.
1. Resistance to insulin
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control the amount of sugar in the blood. It helps move glucose from blood into cells, where it is broken down to produce energy.
Insulin resistance means the body’s tissues are resistant to the effects of insulin. The body therefore has to produce extra insulin to compensate.
High levels of insulin cause the ovaries to produce too much testosterone hormone, which interferes with the development of the follicles (the sacs in the ovaries where eggs develop) and prevents normal ovulation.
Insulin resistance can also lead to weight gain, which can make PCOS symptoms worse because having excess fat causes the body to produce even more insulin.
2. Hormone imbalance
Many women with PCOS are found to have an imbalance in certain hormones, including:
- Raised levels of testosterone – a hormone often thought of as a male hormone, although all women normally produce small amount of it.
- Raised levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) – a hormone that stimulates ovulation, but may have an abnormal effect on the ovaries if levels are too high.
- Low levels of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) – a hormone that helps reduce the effect of testosterone.
- Raised levels of prolactin (only in some women with PCOS) – a hormone that stimulates the breast glands to produce milk in pregnancy.
The exact reason why these hormonal changes occur is not known. It’s been suggested that the problem may start in the ovary itself, in other glands that produce these hormones, or part of the brain that controls their production. The changes may also be caused by the resistance to insulin.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) sometimes runs in families. If any relatives, such as your mother, sister or aunt, have PCOS then the risk of you developing it is often increased.
This suggests there may be a genetic link to PCOS, although specific genes associated with the condition have not yet been identified.
FUROCYST can help to;
- Increase insulin sensitizing activity & peripheral utilization of insulin which is responsible to develop raised androgen hormone resulting PCOS.
- Brings down the Hypercholesterolemia.
Duration of course depends upon cyst size and other symptoms. Initially patient should add Furocyst two capsules (one in the morning and one in the evening after meal) for 4 months and after that one capsule daily as a maintenance dose for another 3-4 months.
Extensive clinical evaluation at prestigious research institute indicates safety and efficacy of the product in the management of PCOS.
One of the major effect that PCOS have on a female body is that it leads to imbalance of hormones which may again interfere with the growth and release of eggs from the ovaries, thereby preventing ovulation and may lead to infertility in some cases.
Also, since the body becomes resistant to insulin, a women is at risk of obesity, hypertension, cholesterol and uterine cancer.