HbA1c or Glycated hemoglobin is produced inside the body when hemoglobin gets attached to glucose present in blood and gets converted to the glycated form known as Glycated hemoglobin. It is a good indicator for measuring blood glucose levels, as more the glucose present inside the body, more will be the attachment of hemoglobin with glucose and greater will be the HbA1c levels.
So, higher levels of HbA1c mean higher blood sugar and lower levels of HbA1c mean lower blood sugar levels.
HOW HBA1C IS AN ACCURATE INDICATOR OF BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS?
The red blood cells have a protein named hemoglobin. The life of red blood cells is of 120 days each. After this period, they die and are replaced by new red blood cells and thus, new hemoglobin.
As it has been told earlier that hemoglobin from red blood cells attaches itself to glucose inside the blood, which is then converted to HbA1c. The measurement of HbA1c in blood gives an average amount of blood sugar levels during that period.
HOW THE LABORATORY TEST IS PERFORMED FOR HBA1C?
HbA1c is a simple blood test. You don’t need to go empty stomach for this test. You can get this test done at any time of the day in a laboratory.
Your vein area on the arm is cleaned with an alcoholic cotton swab.
Then, the blood sample is collected from the vein in a vacutainer tube with the label containing your details.
Then, this blood sample is sent for testing HbA1c through analyzer.
Then, your report is prepared in some time.
You can either check the HbA1c levels yourself by matching with the reference levels given with the results or you can show it to a doctor. If any abnormality is found, then, doctor can advice you dietary changes or lifestyle modifications or medications depending on the HbA1c levels.
WHAT ARE THE LEVELS OF HBA1C INSIDE HUMAN BODY?
When the blood test is performed, the results of HbA1c are compared with the levels divided into three categories which help to diagnose normal condition or prediabetic condition or diabetic condition of the individual. These are:
HbA1c below 5.7% means normal levels
HbA1c between 5.7-6.4% means prediabetes
HbA1c of 6.5% or higher means diabetic condition
So, try to target lower levels of HbA1c to lower the risk of diabetes. This can be achieved by maintaining diet, including exercise in daily activities or if the risk of diabetes is very high, then, medication can be started.
HOW FREQUENTLY YOU SHOULD CHECK YOUR HBA1C?
Under normal state, you can check your HbA1c levels once in a year.
When you are at risk of prediabetes, you can check your HbA1c after every 4-6 months along with dietary changes.
When you are highly prone to diabetes, then, you should regularly check your HbA1c levels after every 2-3 months along with lifestyle modifications and strict compliance to diet free of sugar.
HOW CAN YOU MANAGE HBA1C LEVELS IN PRE-DIABETES / DIABETES?
As HbA1c clearly indicates the risk of diabetic and pre-diabetic condition, you can immediately start managing HbA1c levels by controlling sugar intake as given below:
Consume sugar as less as possible
Start exercising or yoga on regular basis
Try to avoid junk food
Say no to artificial sweeteners whether it is in the form of food items or in the form of drinks
Regularly monitor HbA1c levels to observe the progress
Give a chance to HbA1c to control the risk of diabetes, you will get great benefit. So, know details of HbA1c in detail and start checking it regularly as instructed above.
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